Endoscopic examination of the bladder (cystoscopy) and urethra (urethroscopy) are performed in dogs with various urinary tract problems, such as tumors or difficulty urinating. We can often collect biopsies during this procedure so that a definitive diagnosis can be made.

We are able to scope both female and male dogs, as we have a range of scopes to chose from. However, very small dogs may not be suitable candidates for these procedures.


Urethroscopic image of a dog with a tumor in the urethra.

Ectopic ureter

Image of ectopic ureters in a dog with persistent incontinence. The abnormal openings of the ureters are visible just before the entrance to the bladder.

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